Who is most at risk for the coronavirus disease?

People Who Are at Higher Risk for Severe Illness

COVID-19 is a new disease and there is limited information regarding risk factors for severe disease.

According to currently available information and clinical expertise, elderly adults and people of any age who have serious underlying medical conditions may be at higher risk for serious disease from COVID-19.

Older Adults

Older adults and those who have serious underlying medical conditions like heart or lung disease or diabetes appear to be at higher risk for developing more severe complications from COVID-19 disease.

People with Moderate to Severe Asthma

COVID-19 is a new disease and there is limited information about risk factors for severe illness. Based on currently available information and clinical expertise, elderly adults and people of any age who have serious underlying medical conditions might be at higher risk for severe disease from COVID-19.

According to what we know today, those at high-risk for severe illness from COVID-19 are:

  • People 65 years and older Individuals who Reside in a nursing home or long-term care center
  • Discover how you can help protect yourself if you are at higher risk of acute illness from COVID-19.

People of all ages with underlying medical conditions, particularly if not well controlled, including:

  • People with chronic lung disease or moderate to severe asthma People who have severe heart conditions
  • People That Are immunocompromised
  • Many conditions can cause a person to be immunocompromised, including cancer therapy, smoking, bone marrow or organ transplantation, immune deficiencies, and poorly controlled HIV or AIDS, and prolonged use of corticosteroids and other immune weakening medications
  • Individuals with severe obesity (body mass index [BMI] of 40 or greater )
  • Individuals with diabetes
  • Individuals with chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis
  • Individuals with liver disease

Groups at Higher Risk for Severe Illness

Individuals with moderate to severe asthma could be at greater risk of becoming really sick from COVID-19. COVID-19 may affect your respiratory tract (nose, throat, lungs), trigger an asthma attack, and possibly contribute to pneumonia and severe respiratory disease.
Treatment

There is currently no particular treatment for vaccine to avoid COVID-19. The best way to prevent illness is to prevent being exposed to this virus.

People with HIV

Although the risk of serious illness from COVID-19 for those who have HIV isn’t known, individuals with HIV might have concerns and questions linked to their own risk.

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