A new letter from scientists at New York University demonstrates that obesity is a risk factor for COVID-19 Illness in patients under the age of 60.
In other research information, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) highlight geographical COVID-19 differences, and Johns Hopkins experts lay the forthcoming demand for personal protective equipment (PPE) for healthcare employees.
Elevated risk of hospitalization
Elevated risk of hospitalization
For the obesity analysis, investigators looked at 3,615 patients admitted to their hospital by Mar 4 to Apr 4. The authors analyzed the entire body mass index (BMI) of the patients with verified COVID-19. Someone with a BMI of 18 to 25 is considered normal weight, 25 to 30 is deemed obese, and over 30 is obese.
Patients aged less than 60 years with a BMI from 30 to 34 were 2.0 times (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.6 to 2.6, P < 0.0001) and 1.8 times (95% CI, 1.2 to 2.7, P = 0.006) more likely to be admitted to acute and critical care, respectively, the authors said, compared with people with a BMI under 30. For patients at the Exact Same age-group with a BMI over 35, the threat has been 2.2 and 3.6 times greater, respectively
Nearly 40% of American adults below the age of 60 have a BMI of 30 or higher, the writers said, making obesity a significant risk factor for COVID-19 hospitalizations.
“Although patients aged 60 years are usually regarded as a lower risk group of Covid-19 illness severity, according to data from our institution, obesity appears to be a previously unrecognized risk factor for hospital admission and dependence on critical attention,” the authors concluded.
Population density tied to high incidence.
Population density tied to high incidence
In a study published today in the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, researchers at the first time appeared in the cumulative amount of COVID-19 instances by US geographic region. Community transition of COVID-19 was initially detected in the United States in February, and within 1 month all 50 countries had reported cases.
The CDC researchers discovered , by Apr 7, the cumulative incidence of COVID-19 ranged broadly across U.S. jurisdictions (from 20.6 into 915.3 cases per 100,000), also 7-day increases in prevalence varied substantially also, from 8.3 to 418.0.
“Cumulative COVID-19 incidence varied substantially by empowerment, ranging from 20.6 cases per 100,000 in Minnesota to 915.3 in NYC,” the writers said. “Two thirds of all COVID-19 cases (66.7percent ) have been reported by eight different authorities: NYC (76,876), New York (61,897), New Jersey (44,416), Michigan (18,970), Louisiana (16,284), California (15,865), Massachusetts (15,202), and Pennsylvania (14,559).”
Population density likely plays a role in COVID-19 transmission rates, as New York, Washington DC, and Louisiana all saw higher incidence of disorder (Louisiana’s increase was tied to packed Mardi Gras celebrations). The CDC also stated passing rates were probably tied to the types of populations changed. In Washington state, as an instance, an early outbreak in a nursing home made the nation’s fatality rate jump.
Johns Hopkins estimates PPE need.
Johns Hopkins estimates PPE need
Researchers in the Center for Health Security at Johns Hopkins University today released the very first estimate of the incremental need for medical PPE of various kinds above the standard baseline through one 100-day COVID-19 tide. The model supposes the wave takes place in a period of rigorous social distancing.
The authors said the nation would require 136 million N95 respirators, 360 million medical-grade masks, 668 million isolation gowns, along with 7.8 billion gloves.
“Additionally, if there is widespread utilization of health masks from the public, the amount of masks required could increase by an additional 150 million or more daily (4.575 billion per month) until a vaccine is currently available,” the authors write.
New York sees slight dip in deaths
Following a week of shocking daily highs, New York say now reported 777 deaths, down from 799 yesterday,” said Governor Andrew Cuomo through his everyday briefing. New York now has 170,512 instances and 7,844 deaths.
According to the New York Times tracker, the US total stands at 483,600 cases and 17,947 deaths.
Back in Michigan, that includes the third-most COVID-19 cases, with 22,783, such as 1,281 deaths, Governor Gretchen Whitmer announced today a new addition to the present mandate, which prohibits traveling between residences. The state’s prohibition will be in place until May 1.